It is one of the 28 states of India, situated on the country’s southeastern coast. It is India’s fourth-largest state by area and fifth largest by population. Andhra Pradesh is bordered by Maharashtra in the northwest, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west.
Andhra Pradesh has the second longest coastline of 972 km among all the states of India, after Gujrat. The small enclave 30 square kilometers of Yanam, a district of Pondicherry, lies in the Godavari delta to the northeast of the state. The state comprises three regions: Coastal Andhra, Telangana and Rayalaseema. Its capital and largest city is Hyderabad.
The official language of Andhra Pradesh is Telugu and the co-official language is Urdu. The Minister of Tourism and Culture has issued a declaration of Telugu language as Classical Language. Other languages often spoken in the state include Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Kannada and Oriya.